Chamaemelum nobile, Chamomile, Roman Chamomile
White petals with a yellow centre, daisy-like flowers in summer. Sweet smelling finely divided green leaves. Medicinal; use flowers to make chamomile tea. An infusion can also be used as a hair rinse, known to lighten fair hair.
• Hardiness: H5 (-10 to -15C)
• Type: Evergreen Perennial
• Height: 10-30cm
• Spread: 45cm
• Soil type: Chalk, Sand, Loam, Free Draining
• pH: Universal pH
• Habit: Upright
• Flowering colour: White
• Flowering time: Summer
• Uses: Medicinal (Read Jekka's Guide to Medicinal Herbs for more information)
• Attracts pollinators: No
• Container suitability: Yes
• UK native: No
• Caution: When taken medically in excessive dosage can cause vertigo and vomiting.
• Indoor Sowing: In early spring, in prepared plug trays or pots, cover seeds with perlite. Bottom heat, 18°C, aids germination.
• Outdoor Sowing: In mid spring, in a sunny and open site with a well drained soil. Thin seedlings to 20cm apart.
• Propagation: Division
• Maintenance: (Read Jekka's Blogs on Early Spring, Late Spring and Autumn maintenance)
• Harvest: N/A
Popular throughout history as a calming soothing herb for colicky abdominal pain and digestive problems, chamomile is also seen as having a calming effect on mental tension and agitation. Chamomile tea taken at bedtime was regarded as a traditional remedy to promote restful sleep, particularly in invalids and children.
A hot infusion of the flowers was historically used as a remedy for fevers associated with infections of the upper respiratory system, where it was said to promote sweating and help the body to fight off infection.
Caution: May sometimes cause contact dermatitis.
Please note: The information provided here is for educational interest only and is not intended to be used to diagnose or treat significant health problems. Any serious or long-term health concerns should always be discussed with a healthcare professional.
See our blog for more information about the National Institute of Medicinal Herbalists
Jekka's "How to Grow Herbs" videos, includes Jekka's video on how to sow seeds for an informative step-by-step guide to seed sowing.
At Jekka’s we sell herbs in 1 Ltr and 2 Ltr pots. These are established and hardy herb plants that are grown following organic principals and to survive the UK climate. Please read Jekka's blog that contains her top steps to growing on your herbs.
If you think your herbs need a little more attention we always recommend an environmentally friendly solution, and these are Jekka's top three:
- Maxicrop liquid seaweed: 'Feed on Fridays' as Jekka always says for all round good plant health.
- SB Invigorator: a safe and effective insecticide and fungicide to help control a wide range of pest species
- Epsom salts: the horticultural equivalent of what you put in your bath to top up magnesium and stop orange leaves.
One of our three core roots is that we are Environmentally Conscious and for the past 30 years all the herbs grown at Jekka’s have been raised following sustainable, environmentally friendly and organic approaches resulting in a remarkable biodiversity at the herb farm.
Our herb seeds are also untreated and can be used to grow organic herb plants.