Achillea millefolium, Yarrow, Woundwort, Milfoil
Yarrow is a culinary herb with small white to pale pink flowers grouped in flat clusters. It has green, aromatic, feathery foliage. As a culinary herb its young leaves are edible and can be used in salads or with vegetables.
• Hardiness: H6 (-15 to -20C)
• Type: Herbaceous Perennial
• Height: 30-90cm
• Spread: 60cm
• Soil type: Clay, Sand
• pH: Universal pH
• Habit: Mat forming, Creeping
• Flowering colour: White, Pale pink
• Flowering time: Summer
• Uses: Culinary & Medicinal (Read Jekka's Guide To Culinary Herbs and Jekka's Guide to Medicinal Herbs for more information)
• Attracts pollinators: Yes (Read Jekka's Guide to Pollinators for more information)
• Container suitability: No
• UK native: Yes
• Caution: May cause skin irritation. Do not take medicinally when pregnant.
• Indoor Sowing: In early spring in prepared plug trays or pots, cover seeds with perlite. Bottom heat, 18°C, aids germination.
• Outdoor Sowing: In autumn using fresh seed into a prepared sunny site. Thin seedlings, in the following spring, to 45cm apart.
• Propagation: Division
• Maintenance: This robust plant is prone to self seeding so cut back after flowering. (Read Jekka's Blogs on Early Spring, Late Spring and Autumn maintenance)
• Harvest: Cut leaves and flowers for drying as the plant comes into flower.
One of the earliest recorded medicinal plants, yarrow was known as ‘the soldiers’ herb’, reflecting its history of use to staunch the wounds of battle and promote wound healing.
Also sometimes called ‘master of the blood’ it has been seen as both a cure for nosebleeds and also a trigger for them in the treatment of headaches. Many herbalists regard it as being one of the most important herbs for supporting the proper circulation of blood to the tissues of the body.
With an established traditional role in the regulation of heavy or painful menstrual bleeding, it has also been used in combination with other aromatic herbs to encourage sweating in feverish colds and flu.
Caution: Yarrow should be avoided in pregnancy and in those taking anticoagulant medications. In common with other members of the daisy family it can sometimes cause a contact dermatitis and photosensitivity in people who are sensitive to it.
Please note: The information provided here is for educational interest only and is not intended to be used to diagnose or treat significant health problems. Any serious or long-term health concerns should always be discussed with a healthcare professional.
See our blog for more information about the National Institute of Medicinal Herbalists
Jekka's "How to Grow Herbs" videos, includes Jekka's video on how to sow seeds for an informative step-by-step guide to seed sowing.
At Jekka’s we sell herbs in 1 Ltr and 2 Ltr pots. These are established and hardy herb plants that are grown following organic principals and to survive the UK climate. Please read Jekka's blog that contains her top steps to growing on your herbs.
If you think your herbs need a little more attention we always recommend an environmentally friendly solution, and these are Jekka's top three:
- Maxicrop liquid seaweed: 'Feed on Fridays' as Jekka always says for all round good plant health.
- SB Invigorator: a safe and effective insecticide and fungicide to help control a wide range of pest species
- Epsom salts: the horticultural equivalent of what you put in your bath to top up magnesium and stop orange leaves.
One of our three core roots is that we are Environmentally Conscious and for the past 30 years all the herbs grown at Jekka’s have been raised following sustainable, environmentally friendly and organic approaches resulting in a remarkable biodiversity at the herb farm.
Our herb seeds are also untreated and can be used to grow organic herb plants.